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Cheetah MS6 Power Supply

Cheetah MS6 and Custom Power Supply 1

Just before Christmas 2020, I got sent a SoundLab SST-19 guitar pre-amp and a Cheetah MS6 synth module. Both needed power supplies. The SST-19 was immaculate and the customer was confident that it was working (when it had a power supply, of course). You can read all about that here soon. The MS6 however, was a different story all together. The customer told me that one day it just went bang. In fact, it tripped the electricity supply to his house! After a brief conversation via e-mails, he sent me his machine requesting a complete Cheetah MS6 power supply build.

Cheetah MS6 Front Panel
This customer's blown Cheetah MS6 has definitely seen better days!

Again, I was told that the machine was working prior to the bang but of course I had no idea if the unit had been damaged by the fault. It was a gamble and there weren't too many resources available on this thing, either. Here’s a list of useful stuff that I did find:

Readable schematics were also thin on the ground and when I did find a copy that was readable, that’s all it was, a schematic with very little useful reference.

SIDE NOTE

To speed things up in the long run, I spent a couple of hours cleaning up and organising the best schematics I could find. My small contribution to the the Cheetah MS6 community and hoping this will be useful to someone, organised and readable schematics can be downloaded here. 🙂

So, where were we? Oh yes... The unit turned up and I took off the lid. Ah! So, someone’s been in here before. Three of the four regulators had been replaced. They’d been attached to a thin aluminium strip which had then been glued to the inside of the case and I'm sorry but the soldering was atrocious! After taking the board out, it was obvious that this box had sustained fluid damage at some point in its life. Hmm… looked like I had my work cut out. Oh and the original firmware had been swapped out for the Maad KM 3.0 custom version. Sceptical at first, after some research, I have to confess that I've only heard good things about this. 🙂

Anyone who’s familiar with the Cheetah MS6 will be aware that the power supply is well, bloody awful. It’s not uncommon for example, for the case to go positive. Yes, you read correctly. The transformers (yes, there two) apart from being underrated are quite unreliable and the original heatsinking is totally inadequate.

My initial approach to the project was to build an external box which would house two uprated transformers and then provide a suitable connection from the box to the MS6. The latter part would require a hole or two to be drilled into the rear case of the MS6.

There are four regulators supplying +/-5V and +/-12V. The backend was such that I could remove the original transformers and drop connections to the main PCB where the secondaries of those transformers come on to the board. Since the supplies were complimentary, each utilised a centre-tap. I found a suitable enclosure all-be-it, a little larger than I initially had in mind and began plans for the metalwork company.

Cheetah MS6 Original Transformers
The blown transformers that I removed from this MS6. I'm afraid that these will go BANG sooner or later.

While that was going on, I cleaned up the PCB, getting rid of as much sign of the fluid damage as I could.

Next was the post transformer part of the power supply which as I’ve already mentioned, was a real mess. The PCB seemed quite fragile around the rectifier diodes, capacitors, etc so I had to be careful. While I was in design mode, I knocked up a drawing for a proper heatsink.

Well, I took the stripped-out case, the enclosure for the external power supply and my drawings to Lenton Engineering in Watford and a couple of weeks later, I got the call informing me that everything was ready to collect.

The transformers, switches and connectors all fitted into my external enclosure, perfectly so if nothing else, I would end up with a groovy dual-voltage AC power supply. 🙂

Cheetah MS6 Custom Power Supply Enclosure 1
Here's the external power supply enclosure showing the connector and cable that interfaces with the MS6.

The heatsink also fitted perfectly. This was a particular relief as the distance between the mounting holes on the heatsinks of the regulators didn’t seem particularly uniform and I kind of had to compromise (not my usual style).

Cheetah MS6 Custom Heatsink
This custom heatsink that I made for this sick Cheetah MS6 is considerably more substantial than what was in there originally. In use, it only gets slightly warm.

I’d already made the cable that would connect the external box to the MS6 so all that was left to do was to drop in the actual connector and then wire it to the main PCB.

Cheetah MS6 Custom Power Supply Connection
Here's the connection on the back of the MS6 that comes from the power supply. I really just wanted to have a single cable

So, all was done pretty quickly and it was test time. As usual, I cleared a big space, just in case it all went bang... again. Well, it didn’t. In fact, nothing happened at all for a few seconds. While the unit was still on, I quickly measured voltages and all looked good; +/-5V and +/-12V. Then characters appeared in the display but not as expected. All that was shown was ‘FE’ which was flashing and every now-and-then, some random stuff. I had read on-line that this could be an initial boot routine. Indeed, there was no voltage on the memory back-up battery. The other issue was that the buttons on the front-panel were totally unresponsive.

After sometime, I noticed that one of the multiplexers was seriously hot, so I switched off. I replaced the CD74AC138E and tried again. Wow! It all fired up! It still seemed to go through some kind of initialisation sequence after displaying 'FE' again but this time, only for a couple of seconds.

I hooked up a MIDI keyboard and attached the output to my mixer. Hey, I’ve got sound, too. More than that, all the voices were working. This was all quite relief.

While I had the opportunity, I decided to implement my Live Forever battery mod.

Cheetah MS6 Original Memory Back-Up Battery
The original battery in the Cheetah MS6 is a Ni MH type. This should be changed.

This required a slight modification to the battery back-up circuitry as the original battery was a rechargeable Ni-MH. I was dropping in a lithium battery which I really didn’t want the MS6 to charge when it was in use!

Cheetah MS6 Live Forever Battery Mod
Tucked away in the corner, is my Live Forever memory back-up battery mod. Some modification to the original back-up battery circuit is required .

Once that was done, I tried again. You know what? This thing doesn’t sound too bad. Of course there's better but you have to bear in mind the price bracket that this was in when it first came out.

The power supply in these machines is notoriously bad. In fact, I’ll go so far as to say “it’s not a matter of if but when”. On top of that and as has been proved by the customer of this unit, they don't need to fail 'quietly'. This is a real shame as the synth is actually really quite good with six analogue voices and even multitimbrality. It’s also a shame that the MS6 has an old-style Ni-MH battery. If not charged regularly, there’s a significant chance of this leaking… all over your main PCB!

So, if you have a Cheetah MS6 that you love dearly, please don’t hesitate to contact me regarding

  • an external power supply,
  • my Live Forever memory back-up battery mod

In my humble opinion, I think it's worth it but please do something before it blows up!